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Executive Summary
Mr. Glenn Strait and Mr. Eric Olsen
Washington D.C., United States
Wardman Park Marriott Hotel
December 20, 2004

Universal Values and Lasting Peace: Toward a New Model of Global Governance

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, 193 sovereign nations govern a world population of more than six billion inhabitants. These nations range from small island states of less than a hundred thousand inhabitants to continental nations of hundreds of millions of people with complex social, political, economic, and environmental needs.

With the advent of globalization, diversified economies, the continuing disparity of wealth and economic opportunity, and other transnational concerns, issues of global governance are becoming increasingly pressing. In this context the Fourth World Summit on Leadership and Good Governance, sponsored by the Interreligious and International Federation for World Peace and the Interreligious and International Peace Council, was convened in Washington, DC on December 11-14, 2004.

Assembling delegates from nearly every nation on the theme ?Universal Values and Lasting Peace: Toward a New Model of Global Governance,? the Summit brought together government and religious leaders, as well as representatives of NGOs, the media, and the arts. The daunting challenges of achieving lasting peace require the active collaboration of all sectors of human endeavor, and the assembled delegates worked toward a consensus through a series of plenary sessions and workshops that addressed a broad range of practical issues that present both immediate obstacles to peace and opportunities to approach these obstacles in new and innovative ways.

The IIFWP affirms family, faith, and freedom as core universal values that are essential for peace. Summit speakers were encouraged to identify common, universal values that should guide public policy and international relations. The conference organizers look not only to reform institutions and sectors of government, but to bring reform within individuals and families, and to govern personal conduct through an ethic of selflessness and service to others.

Summit Session I. Toward a Common Legacy of Peace and a World Family of Nations

The Sunday morning Plenary Session opened with an address by IIFWP Chairman Rev. Dr. Chung Hwan Kwak, who spoke on the conference theme ?Universal Values and Lasting Peace: Toward a New Model of Global Governance.? Establishing a broad framework not just for his remarks, but also for the conference, Dr. Kwak affirmed that peace is not simply an aspiration of human beings but also the very ideal of God. Harmony, cooperation, and common prosperity are our ultimate destiny as the dispensation of a loving God, he said. ?But destiny is not the same as predestination. Destiny is fulfilled only when we ourselves take responsibility to fulfill the conditions necessary to bring in to pass,? Dr. Kwak cautioned.

?Conflict, poverty, disease, human rights violations, cruelty, corruption, and family breakdown abound,? Dr. Kwak said. To solve these deep-rooted pathologies, a movement for peace must itself have deep roots. ?The IIFWP?s vision is rooted in the recognition of the need for ideal marriages and families as an essential part of the solution to humanity?s problems,? Dr. Kwak told the assembly. ?The family not only passes on the biological lineage, but a spiritual, cultural lineage that is related to the quality of true love itself. If the means of human reproduction, the family, is broken, then the product will be flawed.?

Dr. Kwak outlined the two core principles of the IIFWP methodology for peace: living for the sake of others and overcoming barriers that create enmity. The IIFWP?s model for effective global governance needs to incorporate these basic principles, to transcend national self-interest, sectarian self-interest of religious bodies, and the self-interest that often compromises the work of nongovernmental organizations.

Briefing the delegates on concrete steps the IIFWP was formulating, Dr. Kwak outlined the framework for an International Peace Federation to effectively advocate IIFWP principles for global peace. Structurally, the Peace Federation will have a Presiding Council, with a single regional representative drawn from religion, government, academia, the media, business, and the NGO community. A second part will be the Secretariat, or administrative support office. The third component of the Peace Federation will be the Peace Council, consisting of delegates from the various spheres of public and private life representing their regions.

Dr. Kwak concluded with a brief summary of ongoing peace initiatives of the IIFWP, new media projects, expanded partnerships, and plans for a series of regional conferences to build on the initiatives of this conference, and finally the inauguration in October 2004 of the Mongolian Peoples Federation for World Peace by the IIFWP?s founder, Rev. Dr. Sun Myung Moon.

Following Dr. Kwak?s address, IIFWP Secretary General Dr. Thomas G. Walsh introduced the panel of distinguished speakers, who offered responses to Dr. Kwak?s remarks. In alphabetical order the panel participants were: Rt. Hon. Brig. Al-Haji Moses Ali, First Deputy Prime Minister, Uganda; Dr. Mumtaz Ahmad, Professor of Political Science, Hampton University, United States; Mr. Renchinnyam Amarjargal, Prime Minister (1999-2000), Mongolia; Dr. Noel Brown, President, Friends of the United Nations, United States; Hon. David Clarke, Member of Parliament, Australia; Dr. Jose Luis Mendizabal, President, Catholic University (1993-2001), Uruguay; Dr. Pong Sik Park, Korea; Mr. Jin Qiu Wu, Vice President, Sino-American International Culture Arts, Exchange Foundation, China; and Professor Akiko Yamanaka, Visiting Professor, United Nations University, Japan.

Two panelists, Dr. Ahmad and Mr. Amarjargal, emphasized the importance of correctly perceiving the factors and issues operative in the peace arena, including especially the foundation concepts of ?good governance,? ?modernization,? and ?peace.? Ahmad and Amarjargal for IIFWP to take a more active role in challenging incorrect perceptions and propagating views grounded, as several participants emphasized, in the recognition of God and the spiritual dimensions of life.

Several participants emphasized the importance of family: as the first school of life, freedom, and security; as the model for establishing peace in a family of nations; and as a critical stepping stone in the expanding spheres of setting our hearts right with benevolent love of all people.

Supporting the IIFWP approach, speakers emphasized the importance of alliances to the peace-making effort. From alliances and collaboration between NGOs in solving problems to the importance of cooperative agreements between nations for maintaining security, the panel strongly encouraged the development of alliances.

A long-time friend and champion of the UN, Dr. Brown, raised the question of whether or not the world community of nations would be able to find a common ground, a common language, and a common agenda. Then, looking beyond these issues, he raised perhaps the deeper question: Can the world establish the Commitment to pursue its common agenda? To achieve this, he suggested, requires a commitment-building exercise based on a new universal moral foundation.

Writing from her experience both as an academic and a member of the Japanese government, Professor Yamanaka identified the current period as one of transition in which governments are challenged to understand the tide of history and adapt their thinking to it. While agreeing with some of the key approaches, especially collaboration, identified by other panelists, Professor Yamanaka also offered as one example of a proactive response to today?s tumultuous global politics Japan?s Asian Preventive Diplomacy Training Centre. Her concluding quote from Aristotle reminded all of the high task being challenged by IIFWP. ?It is more difficult to organize peace than to win a war; but the fruits of victory will be lost if the peace is not well organized.?

Summit Session II

Participants in the second session were the following: Hon. May Abu Alsamen, Senator, National Assembly, Jordan; H. E. Sixto Duran-Ballen, President (1992-96), Ecuador; Rt. Hon. John G. Compton, Prime Minister (1979, 1982-96), St. Lucia; H.E. Wesley M. Johnson, Vice Head of State, National Transitional Government, Liberia; H.E. Dr. Stanislov Shushkevich, President (1991-94), Belarus; Ms. Sayera Umarovna Sultanova, Former Deputy Prime Minister, Uzbekistan; and Hon. Connie Fierravanti Wells, Senator, National Assembly, Australia.

Several speakers emphasized the importance of making moral issues central to public policy at all levels of governance and especially in the UN itself, where IIPC should become the moral conscience. The values of IIFWP can be attractive to youth who do not want to follow the old ways and want to follow higher values. These same IIFWP values, in particular the ideas that in the family true love starts with the parents and that the parent-child relation is the strongest one, should undergird peace activities of all sorts.

In addition to the discussions about values, H.E. Duran-Ballen addressed at some level of specificity the barriers to achieving co-prosperity in a world in which the co-prosperity gap?the disparity between rich and poor?continues to grow unchecked. To achieve international justice bringing equal rights to all countries, we need new structures based on the understanding that economic and social developments go hand in hand. Specifically co-prosperity requires real equality in international finance.

Hon. Alsamen shared the IIFWP view that achieving peace in the Middle East is the key first step toward achieving peace throughout the world. To realize this, she urged that in the Middle East and elsewhere women and women?s organizations should have a direct role in peace talks. Women can lead the way in shifting from a culture of war to a culture of peace, as peace starts with women who teach children the value of tolerance.

In concluding the session, Hon. Wells informed the assembly of the remarkable development in Australia where the government itself supports interfaith dialogue that in particular promotes not only an understanding of the common nature of people of faith but also national cohesion based on a common set of values. Australia?s program of dialogue among Jews, Christians, and Muslims includes: a living in harmony program that looks at faith, tradition, beliefs, and history; National Harmony Day; and regional interfaith networks.

Session III: The IIFWP?s Methodology for Peace and Its Application

The session, chaired by Mr. Taj Hamad, secretary general of the World Association of Nongovernmental Organizations, sought to clarify and further define the core IIFWP principles of living for others and overcoming boundaries as prerequisites for peace. Dr. Frank Kaufmann, director of Interreligious Relations at the IIFWP, delivered the keynote for the session, challenging panelists and delegates to treat these concepts not as familiar platitudes but as conceptually rich principles that can provide a framework for conflict resolution.

Rather than applying a legalistic standard of ?living for the sake of others? that would give rise to endless and fruitless debate about the type and degree of selfless act that would measure up to the standard, the ideal should be grounded in purpose. This, Dr. Kaufmann argued, ?can guide our sacrificial activity and remove the guesswork from Pmaking this into a legitimate principle on which to build a peace movement. The ground of purpose renders moot questions like how much to give, and to whom we should give. And our guideline is to give in the way which effects the greatest good for the greatest number of people.?

The second principle, life without boundaries, is likewise open to misinterpretation. Are all convictions of religious faith and tradition ?boundaries? that need to be dissolved? Rather, Dr. Kaufmann argued, some categories in the human experience are so universal and compelling that ?they transcend and harmonize all difference, regardless of how essential, or extreme the difference might be.? What then could stand as so universal and transcendent that boundaries dissolve in an atmosphere of peace and reconciliation?

According to Dr. Kauffman, ?Grounded in Dr. Moon?s revelation and worldview is family. The universal experience of family reflecting true and eternal love is greater than every difference. Whether black, white. or yellow, Christian, Muslim, or Jew, you are still a mother a father, a brother, sister, son or daughter. The human experience at its most basic, God-given base is absolutely one. Without this category, a worldview which explains it, and the fullness of life which derives from it, the call for life without boundaries is nothing more than a vague nicety.?

A distinguished group of panelists, including Dr. Shuki Y. Ben-Ami, director general and dean of studies at the Emil Frank Institute in Israel; Dr. Eva Latham, president of Human Rights Teaching , International in the Netherlands; the Right Honorable Sir James R. Mancham, founding president of Seychelles; Mr. Larry Moffitt, vice president of United Press International in the United States; Dr. Sulayman S Nyang, professor of African and Islamic Studies at Howard University in Washington, DC; and the Right Honorable Sir Lloyd Sandiford, former prime minister of Barbados, offered a diverse range of responses to the peace principles delineated by Dr. Kaufmann, from heartfelt testimonials to the urgency of deploying these ideas, to practical constraints experienced in government, the media, and in cultural contexts.

Summit Session IV. Peace and the Significance of Marriage, Family, and the Blessing

On the foundation of a clear statement in the program of the social importance and universality of marriage and family, IIFWP Chairman Dr. Kwak, presented a in-depth lecture on the IIFWP vision of marriage, the family, and the World Peace Blessing. This vision derives to a large extent from the teachings of the Reverend Dr. Sun Myung Moon, Founder of IIFWP.

Dr. Kwak explained that Dr. Moon?s ideas are not based on studies with famous religious teachers or philosophers. Rather they derive primarily from his direct experience of prolonged and tearful meditation and prayer. With his ideas formed by the time he was twenty five, Dr. Moon sought not to create a church or religion, but rather to establish a movement that would go beyond religion to a time when people would experience an original, direct relation with God, and live accordingly. Thus his education was about how to renew character and individuality and create ideal families that would work on building a peaceful world.

Dr. Moon?s seven-point road map to peace includes the following:
1. World peace does not come through external signs, because the most important factor in world peace is the individual in whom peace begins with self-transformation.
2. The fundamental unit of society is the family, so peace that begins with the individual expands through the family to the world.
3. God is the origin of peace.

Building peace requires:
4. promoting and practicing interreligious harmony;
5. transcending all barriers and eliminating national boundaries;
6. affirming the existence of spirit world and eternal life;
7. living for the sake of others.

These points all relate to the challenge of human beings to become the subject partners of a peaceful world, while all would be object partners in love with God, the invisible True Parent. The challenge of raising children to become adults who contribute to this peaceful world cannot be met by the traditional nuclear family. Rather God?s ideal crucible of love is the three-generation family, which teaches and embodies the four great realms of heart: the hearts of spouse, parent, child, and sibling.

With the god-centered three-generation family as the foundation, the growing child should receive three kinds of education: education of heart in order to become a true person and worthy parent; education of the [ethical] norm in order to become a true social person and worthy teacher; and education of intellect in order to become a true master and worthy owner. In such an environment the child will naturally learn that the vertical love of God or of a parent is still perfect even if it is divided and given to many children, while the horizontal love between husband and wife cannot be divided.

In this broad context it becomes clear that marriage is much more than the union of man and woman. It is the joining together of the lives and traditions of two separate families. Such marriages should be blessed by God, and the bride and groom should each offer the other their most precious gift, their pure love before marriage.

Tragically, as the result of humanity?s original deviation from God?s ideal, family breakdown and youth problems are rampant in societies around the world. Nonetheless, humans are destined to restore true love, true life, and true lineage. One of the key steps in restoring these is the World Peace Blessing, a ceremony given to couples about to be married and also to those already married. This ceremony, dedicated to saving family and nation, transcends the boundaries of race and religion.

On the foundation of such a detailed explanation, Dr. Kwak and his wife led the assembled participants in the simple but profound marriage blessing ceremony involving wine or grape juice.

Voices of Peace Program

The Sunday evening program involved the conference delegates as a live studio audience for a Voices of Peace Panel video production, ?The Prospects for Peace in the Middle East: Focus on Israel and Palestine.? Panelists Zia Rizvi, the Pakistani director general of the Independent Bureau for Humanitarian Issues; Baruch A. Shalev, a senior political advisor to the government of the state of Israel; Mr. Walid Sadik Haj Yahia, Former Knesset Member, Israel; and Frank Kaufmann, director of Interreligious Relations at the IIFWP, approached the volatile conflict between Israel and the Palestinians with a forward-looking analysis that surrendered demands for justice by acts of retribution and instead sought solutions in the religiously grounded ethic of humility, forgiveness, and empathy for the pain experienced on both sides.

Moderator Karen Judd Smith, director of the IIFWP Office of UN Relations, engaged the panelists through an interactive format that enabled respondents to address her probing questions and comment on the responses of fellow panelists. The production will be distributed through the Voices of Peace International Education Media Network of the IIFWP. Voices of Peace producer Kevin Pickard conducted several interviews for future release, notably on the theme of women?s rights within the Islamic tradition and service projects with Australia?s aboriginal peoples sponsored by the the Religious Youth Service of the IIFWP.

The Washington Times Foundation Special Breakfast Program

On Monday morning, before Summit Session V., IIFWP conference participants were treated to breakfast courtesy of the Washington Times Foundation. They joined a total of roughly 3000 participants coming not only from the surrounding Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, but also from two conferences sponsored by IIFWP affiliated organizations?the American Family Coalition, and the American Clergy Leadership Conference.

The breakfast convened under the theme ?Building Our Common Legacy: Faith, Family, Freedom, and Peace?Centered on God.? The theme was dramatically portrayed on a stage backdrop of overlapping panels arching toward the center, while the master and mistress of ceremonies, Hon. Rev. Walter E. Fauntroy and Mrs. Robin Read Brunelli, themselves formed a striking pair embodying unity of different races.

Events on stage abundantly nurtured the soul even before the breakfast was served. Welcoming remarks by Mr. Douglas D. M. Joo, president, the Washington Times Foundation, set the stage by reminding participants of the recent, hotly contested U.S. presidential election with its strong message that the themes of the gathering?faith, family, freedom, and peace?are core of values for the country. The purpose of the gathering, he said, was to capitalize on that strong statement by American voters and to coalesce a new movement for righteousness in society and government. IIFWP added the international dimension to this endeavor.

Aspects of those core values were strongly reinforced in statements by the honorable Dr. Floyd H. Flake, Senior Pastor of the Greater Allen Cathedral in Jamaica, New York; Dr. Luis Cortes, president of Nueva Esperanza, Inc., in Philadelphia, and Dr. Peter Marshall, author of Light and Glory. An original video presentation, ?On Common Ground,? beautifully combined music and a shifting collage of images to remind us all that we are one family united under the core values of the gathering.

The prelude to breakfast was concluded by an intimate video presentation from former president George Herbert Walker Bush. He remembered fondly the Washington Times, before speaking at some length about the importance of faith and family for the country, and for himself, his wife, and his children, including the current U.S. president.

As breakfast wound down, a performance by the noted gospel music group Mighty Clouds of Joy drew attention back to the central stage, where they were followed by the Honorable Robert J. Dole, former U.S. Senator from Kansas. The man who had once lost a bitter competition with George H.W. Bush for the Republican nomination for president was magnanimous and humorous as he, too, spoke in support of the breakfast?s themes.

In lead up to the keynote address, Dr. Chung Hwan Kwak introduced IIFWP founder, the Rev. Dr. Sun Myung Moon, by mentioning three key points. First, that Dr. Moon knows God?s heart and has identified its three aspects: the heart of hope, the heart of grief, and the heart longing for salvation. Second, that Dr. Moon intimately knows God as the invisible creator who is the True Parent of humankind. Third, that Dr. Moon is the king of peace who has identified and most fully embodies the two core principles around which IIFWP is organized: living for the sake of others and living a life that transcends barriers.

Dr. Moon?s message, ?Filial Children of God Are Patriots Who Strive to Liberate His Heart,? was serious and urgent.

?Because God?s ideal is oneness of God and human beings,? Dr. Moon said, ?God cannot be perfect until human beings are perfect. . . God had intended Adam and Eve to become the ideal counterparts for his pure essential love. Can you imagine the sorrow in God?s heart when they fell? It was infinitely worse than the sorrow that Adam and Eve experienced; indeed, no one in this world has experienced anything nearly so painful. . .

?God?s inmost heart is broken as He surveys human beings struggling, leading lives of no value, having lost the glorious value with which they were originally created. . . It is important for you to know that for tens of thousands of years, even millions of years, God has been wailing tearfully, crying out, ?Oh, My son. Oh, My daughter. . . If there were a way for God to solve this problem on His own, He would not have had to suffer as He traveled the long, lonely path of the providence of restoration. . .

?You may raise the question: ?God is omniscient and omnipotent. How could he stand by, seemingly impotent, while humanity went down the path of destruction?? It is because human beings committed sin in a realm where they are totally responsible; therefore, they are required to fulfill the conditions needed to resolve that sin. . . Since God created human beings to be His eternal love partners, He cannot just annihilate them. . .

?God, our Parent, remains in the realm of lamentation until every last human being has been freed from lamentation. Because He is in this position, we must comfort God and bring him true liberation. . .

?Human beings have lived ignorant of the tremendous pain in God?s heart. When I first understood the pain of God, I wept for weeks. Please know that such profound circumstances lie behind the founding of the Unification movement. . .

?God has long been searching for people burning with zeal for true love, having the faith that says, ?I see now that God is in prison because of me. I see now that God is receiving Satan?s accusations because of me. I see now that Jesus suffered because of me. Oh, Father, I will carry You to the place of true liberation. I will carry Jesus and the Holy Spirit, too, to the place of true liberation. . .

?How are we to resolve this grievous situation? The only way is to carry out a movement practicing the love that is God?s original essence. The final stage of religion must teach in detail about God?s pitiful suffering and injustice, and it must connect human beings to the world of His original heart.

?Let us join in a true love movement to bring God true liberation and complete freedom. If we do not set this standard of love, the heavenly way cannot be set right and the ideal world cannot come on this earth. . .

?For this noble goal, let us all stand hand in hand and establish the Kingdom of Heaven on earth, the Peace Kingdom, where God?s ideal of creation is fulfilled.

As the applause died down and Dr. Moon took his seat, the message of ?On Common Ground? resonated again through the hall; two vocalists accompanied by guitar and keyboard projected such penetrating and rousing harmonies that one longed for them to continue.

Not on the program, but a striking element indeed, was the statement by Dr. Cheol Seong Lee, Former Korean National Assembly Member, describing the nation of Korea?s painful history and the debt of gratitude the nation owes to the soldiers from America and the other 15 countries that fought the Korean War to preserve South Korea?s freedom from Communist domination. To honor the priceless sacrifice of those UN forces that fought and died in Korea, he announced the establishment of the UN Peace Force Memorial Foundation.

Dr. Lonnie McLeod, president of the Exodus Transition Community, described heroic work in support of prisoners recently released back into society, and a separate project advocating that the bust of Martin Luther King, Jr. should be added as a fifth face on Mt. Rushmore.

Rabbi Leonid Feldman of Temple Beth-El, Florida masterfully encapsulated the essence of the Biblical book of Genesis from Cain?s plaintive question, ?Am I my brother?s keeper?? to the question?s answer provided by Joseph, 11th son of Jacob as he tearfully embraced his elder brothers after they pleaded for his support.

Concluding the presentations, Imam Haitham Bundakji, chairman of the Islamic Center of Orange County, California, brought tears to many eyes as he recalled growing up hating Jews because they had killed his two elder brothers. Later, during his hadj to Mecca, he realized that it was wrong to hate the Jews, who were his brothers also. That realization, he said, was brought to a focus and now to a purpose through his having met Father Moon and his joining in Father Moon?s peace efforts in the Middle-East.

The Mighty Clouds of Joy brought the house to its feet in thanks and praise as they led the assembly in singing ?Amazing Grace,? and the concluding prayer was delivered. Rev. Fauntroy dismissed the gathering with the encouragement to be the ones to give feet to our prayers and to carry the message of sisterhood and brotherhood to the nation and world.

Summit Session V. Toward a Common Legacy of Peace and a World Family of Nations

Although Session V met under the same theme as two earlier panels, the tenor here was significantly shifted toward a greater boldness in asserting the urgent need for establishing the Interreligious and International Peace Councils at the regional and even national levels. A second strong and complementary call was for the Ambassadors for Peace themselves to strengthen their network and to realize their potential as peacemakers in their diverse disciplines.

Participants in the Fifth Session, chaired by Mrs. Karen Judd Smith from IIFWP?s office of UN Relations, were the following: H.E. Tursunbek Chyngyshev, prime minister (1991-1993), Kyrgyz Republic; Rt. Hon. Hamilton Green, prime minister ( 1985-1992), Guyana; H.E. Rabin Aliyevich Huseynov, prime minister (1992-93) Azerbaijan; Rt. Rev. Joseph Mutie Kanuku, Bishop, Anglican Church of Kenya; Rev. Kosen Nishiyama, chief priest, Daimanji Temple of Soto Buddhism, Japan; Mr. Walid Sadik Haj Yahia, Former Knesset Member, Israel, Israel; and Mr. Walter Sandriman , Minister of Education and Community Development, Surinam.

The time is ripe for establishing IIPC, said more than one participant, especially as the UN itself is in a period of reflection about how it should and can be improved as an instrument of global peace. In describing the urgency of establishing IIPC, panelists said it is an idea whose time has come and that it is the hope of mankind. They said that Dr. Moon?s idea [IIPC] is the only one that can move the peace process forward.

The goal of establishing IIPC substantially means that it is time to involve a critical mass of active leaders who can now be drawn into IIFWP activities through the network of established Ambassadors for Peace. At the same time the current Ambassadors for Peace should multiply their membership in their own country as designated Ambassadors for Peace feel a kind of obligation to live up to the IIFWP ideals and work for peace. Through IIPC and the Ambassadors for Peace it is important to find ways that religions, states, and NGOs can work together for people so the people of the world will be one family.

IIPC and the Ambassadors for Peace can be the critical agents for using the power of love to guide the government and releasing God?s transforming love and cosmic energy into our society so the culture of war can be transformed into a culture of peace. Already, some of that is being seen through the waves of pilgrimages IIPC has sent to the Holy Land.

One specific proposal was that IIWFP sponsor a competition of student essays on peace. This is a program that AFP in each country could spearhead.

Session VI: Working Sessions on Leadership, Good Governance and Peace

This session invited delegates to participate in a concurrent series of ten workshops to discuss some of the insights and principles in practical detail. Workshop A., ?Island Nations and Sustainable Development,? provided a forum for discussion of some of the pressing issues unique to the more than fifty island nations of the world. Economic development, global warming, HIV/AIDS and UN policies were discussed, as well as IIFWP involvement in addressing some of these ongoing issues.

?The Critical Problems of AIDS, Poverty, and Conflict? discussed the role that religious institutions can play in reversing the HIV epidemic. The crisis is overwhelming much of subSaharan Africa, while Uganda has provided a model of success in combatting the disease through a collaboration between government, civic organizations, and the faith community. A report from India stressed the alarming advance of the disease in the subcontinent, with the national government aware of and engaged in providing solutions to stem the epidemic.

?Middle East Peace: The Need for Cooperation Among Governments, Religions, and NGOs? affirmed that purely political strategies have led to a stalemate, and the efforts of the IIFWP and IIPC present a viable and comprehensive basis to advance the peace process by fostering interreligious cooperation and sponsoring the participation of Peace Ambassadors from every continent and faith.

A recent UN report enumerated six clusters of threats that confront the world in the coming decades. Another workshop, ?The UN and the USA: Partners for Peace,? examined this report and explored how the United Nations and the United States, today?s preeminent superpower, can meaningfully collaborate in meeting these threats and securing a safer world.

?Youth?s Role as Peacemakers: Innovative Approaches in Sports, Service, and the Arts,? explored several ground-breaking approaches in which young adults are pioneering paths of greater cooperation and peace-building. The workshop ?NGOs and Peace? focused on the revolutionary new role being played by NGOs, particularly in areas of health and the environment, human rights, and relief work, and stressed the need for effective collaboration of NGOs with government and faith-based groups.

?Developing a ?Headwing? Approach to Peace? examined the polarizing debate between liberals and conservatives and suggested how IIFWP principles can be applied to bring greater civility and an awareness of common ground concerning these divisive issues. ?The Family and Its Significance for Peace? took up the IIFWP proposition that the two-parent family is the optimal environment for the socialization of children and the school of love and good character that becomes a building block for a peaceful society.

?Rev. Sun Myung Moon?s Role as a Peacemaker and Unifier? examined the life of the IIFWP founder, the principles that have informed his life and public ministry, and the global religious, humanitarian, academic, media, artistic, and educational efforts that have had a transforming effect on the lives of millions in countries spanning the globe.

?Corporate Governance and Economic Development for Peace,? the final working session, explored the critical role of business and economy as a key to development, and advanced strategies to integrate economic policies into a framework reflecting IIFWP principles of living for others and the promotion of the general welfare.

Each of these ten working sessions included brief papers submitted by panelists and solicited the questions and contributions of all attending delegates.

Closing Banquet

The Fourth World Summit of Leadership and Good Governance concluded in grand style with a congratulatory banquet and Crown of Peace Awards program, bringing together delegates from the IIFWP Summit as well as participants from concurrent conferences sponsored by the American Clergy Leadership Conference and the American Freedom Coalition, as well as other guests and dignitaries. More than three thousand people were welcomed by Master of Ceremonies Dr. Thomas Walsh for an evening of entertainment, dinner, awards presentations, and moving testimonials, with a climactic keynote address by IIFWP founder Reverend Dr. Sun Myung Moon.

After opening remarks by Reverend Jesse Edwards and Dr. Eva Letham, IIFWP Chairman Dr. Chun Hwan Kwak presented Leadership and Good Governance Awards to Rt. Hon. John G. Compton, prime minister (1979, 1982-96) of St. Lucia, Mr. Walid Sadik Haj Yahia, Former Knesset Member, Israel, and Hon. David Clarke, member of parliament, Commonwealth of Australia. These awards, presented on behalf of the founders, Reverend and Mrs. Sun Myung Moon, are conferred upon individuals from the fields of religion, government, business, education and nongovernmental organizations who demonstrate standards of excellence in leadership and who integrate professionalism with spiritual and moral values.

The IIFWP also appoints leaders and notable individuals as Ambassadors for Peace, acknowledging those who affirm the core IIFWP values of living for the sake of others and overcoming boundaries in the fields of religion, government, business, education and nongovernmental organizations. More than fifty thousand men and women have been so designated worldwide, and the concluding banquet recognized H.E. Wesley M. Johnson, vice head of state for the National Transitional Government of the Republic of Liberia, Mr. Zia Rizvi, Director General of Independent Bureau for Humanitarian Issues, Pakistan, Dr. Akiko Yamanaka, visiting professor at the United Nations University in Japan, and Mr. Jonathan Tsevi, deputy director of the Interreligious Coordinating Counsel in Israel for their notable contributions and exemplary lives.

The evening program continued with stirring nominations from the Honorable Min Ha Kim, Archbishop George A. Stallings, and Professor Eliezer Glaubach to confer the Crown of Peace Award on IIFWP founders Reverend Dr. and Mrs. Sun Myung Moon. The nominations were electrifying endorsements of Dr. Moon?s astonishing lifetime legacy as a peacemaker and prophet of hope, which brought acclamations of support and appreciation from the assembled audience, leading to the ceremonial crowning of Dr. and Mrs. Moon.

Dr. Moon then took to the podium to deliver a profound ecumenical message, entitled ?Our Mission in the Last Days of Providential History.? Having worked for decades to confront the threat of atheistic communism, Dr. Moon noted that with the conclusion of the Cold War, the fear and insecurity of this global conflict is thankfully past. ?And yet,? he asked, how secure and happy are we? Young people now liberated from the yoke of communism are enjoying their freedom to such an extent that they are in danger of running off the cliff of debauchery.?

Selfish individualism and slavery to free sex has led to unthinkable calls for homosexual ?marriage.? ?Imagine for a moment,? he asked, ?the world that would result from what they advocate. Humanity would become extinct within two generations.?

Divorce is another plague that is throwing humanity into crisis. ?Children are not at fault,? he said, ?but their tiny hearts are left with scars that will never heal. Who will compensate them for the parental love that was snatched away from them??

The roots of these social problems lie in the deepest past, in the contamination of love at the fall of the first human ancestors. Thus, ?humanity awaits the coming of someone who is of the lineage of Heaven.

?The providence to save humanity is administered by heaven,? Dr. Moon said. ?Only True Parents, who come with Heaven?s love, life, and lineage, know the providential time. I openly declare to Heaven and earth that I have received Heaven?s annointing and that I have been entrusted with the mission to be humanity?s True Parent. We are now in the Last Days of God?s providence. This is the era of the Holy Blessing, by which humanity?s lineage is changed from Satan?s lineage to Heaven?s lineage. Now Heaven no longer condones that diseased and disordered world.?

How can we accomplish a revolution of character and come to resemble God? There are three great revolutions to accomplish the perfection of character, he said. The first is ?the revolution through making atonement,? which involves cleansing yourself of the thoughts and habits of the past. Give up your lingering attachments, and on that basis build and perfect an ideal family.

The ?revolution of conscience? is an inner revolution. Be obedient and accept the guidance of your conscience, Dr. Moon said. ?What results from violation of the conscience? You feel guilt. Dust settles on your soul; it becomes filthy and scarred. These scars on your soul cannot be removed for eternity. They are fearful baggage you take with you when you enter the spirit world.?

The third revolution, ?the revolution of heart,? means living a life of true love, ?forgiving, giving, and sacrificing continually. If you live a constructive life,? advised Dr. Moon, ?being the first to yield and give to others, then your heart will be bound in eternal oneness with God?s heart. This requires that you first sever your heart?s ties to the false parent and be engrafted onto God?s lineage through the Holy Marriage Blessing instituted by the True Parents.?

?Just as the sun rises with brilliant light in the eastern sky, heavenly fortune is now shining upon all people. The curtain of darkness that shrouded us for thousands and tens of thousands of years is drawing back at last.?

The Fourth World Summit on Leadership and Good Governance concluded with this visionary message. The government, business, diplomatic, and religious leaders returned to their respective nations and professions with a recognition that a dynamic new interreligious and international peace movement was gathering members from every professional walk of life?men and women with a common commitment to transcend the limited and often failed approaches to conflict and suffering of the past, and to search for innovative approaches to the peace that is the hope of all ages and the ideal of God.

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