6th World Summit Opening Plenary. World Peace, Good Governance and Human Development
Rev. Dr. Chung Hwan Kwak, IIFWP Chairman|
June 28, 2005
Your Excellencies. Distinguished Current and Former Heads of State and Government. Ministers and Parliamentarians. Most Eminent Religious Leaders and Scholars. Ambassadors for Peace.
Rev. Dr. Chung Hwan Kwak, IIFWP Chairman
On behalf of the IIFWP Founders, Rev. and Mrs. Sun Myung Moon, it is my honor to welcome you to this 6th World Summit on Leadership and Good Governance. Represented here in this room are delegates from 75 nations. People from the north, south, east and west, from all religions, races and cultures. Together, as one human family, we will consider the theme, ?Innovative Approaches to Good Governance and Human Development.?
The purpose of good governance is to promote and contribute to human development. Good governance within a family, a business, an educational institution, a religion or a government is for the sake of human development. The purpose of human development, on the other hand, is the fulfillment of the God-given purpose of each human being.
Often we think of good governance as applying only to governments. Also, we often think of human development only in economic terms. However, both governance and development have their own purpose and meaning in relation to an understanding of the essential nature and purpose of the human being.
Therefore, to understand governance and human development, we need to understand the human being. Furthermore, we cannot understand the human being without understanding the origin and creator, God.
Sometimes we hear it said that we should begin with the end in mind. That is, in carrying out an action, we should know our objective, our destination, or our goal. Surely this is essential in good governance. Systems of governance, after all, are established to help us achieve objectives, such as running a successful NGO, business, school, religion, or family.
We affirm governance when it is participatory, transparent, fair, and aimed toward an end that is not merely self-centered, but which seeks to benefit a wide range of stakeholders. On the other hand, we reject systems of governance that benefit only the few, which are corrupt, and aimed toward self-serving ends.
Governance is a means to an end. The end is human development. Ultimately governance is about universal human development. We can say that the ideal of good governance, taken to its logical conclusion, is about building a universal realm of peace, the Kingdom of God.
We can conceive of human development in a variety of ways. In political-economic terms, human development has to do with stability, security and relative prosperity. In social terms, it has to do with literacy, education, social relationships, quality of life, etc. In moral terms, it has to do with the development of the conscience, moral awareness, and the will and capacity to act according to our knowledge of what is right. In psychological terms, human development has to do with mental health, self-esteem, success in significant relationships, happiness. In spiritual terms, human development has to do with growing in relationship with God, through stages of faith or belief, to manifest the highest levels of spiritual maturity, insight and practice.
The human being is a complex being. We are at once, biological, psychological, moral, spiritual, individual and relational. Happiness or fulfillment is related to all of the above. Therefore, when we think of human development it is essential that we have a comprehensive understanding of the human being. This will allow us to have a comprehensive understanding of human development, and, in turn, a comprehensive understanding of good governance.
It is with this understanding in mind that the IIFWP has developed its programs in good governance and human development. This understanding underlies the vision and work of this series of Summits, and it underlies the work of the Interreligious and International Peace Council initiative of the IIFWP.
Only two weeks ago did we complete a series of ten Regional Preparatory Committee Meetings, convened worldwide, from April through June 2005. The regional meetings have laid the foundation for the convening of an International Commission for the IIPC at the IIFWP Assembly 2005, which will be held during the World Culture and Sports Festival (July 29 ? August 2, 2005).
The International Commission that gathers at the IIFWP Assembly 2005 will be comprised of a delegation of representatives from each of the 10 IIFWP Regions. The International Commission will deliberate on the recommendations, related to both the draft charter and the overall plan of action, that have come from each Regional Preparatory Committee meeting. We expect that meeting to result in the acceptance of the IIPC charter.
Once the charter is approved, the International Commission members will become members of the world-level Peace Council. Following the IIFWP Assembly, Regional and National Peace Councils will be established in the remaining months of 2005.
Father Moon launched the IIPC on October 3, 2005 in New York. He referred to this initiative as the beginning of a new ?Abel United Nations,? or a ?Peace United Nations.? The term Abel is taken from the book of Genesis that speaks of the son of Adam and Eve whose offering, because it was offered purely, faithfully and unselfishly, was blessed by God.
By coining the term ?Peace United Nations,? he wants to convey the need for a new institution of global governance that is itself an embodiment of peace. That is, the members themselves not only talk of peace, they embody the ideals of peace, at the individual level, the family level, the social level, the national level and the world level. A ?Peace United Nations? is a UN whose members are ?Peace Nations.?
The ?Peace UN? is really the extension of the global movement that Father Moon has been building over the past 60 years. It is not a new idea for him. All along, he has been working systematically to establish God?s ideal Peace Kingdom, a world of universal harmony, cooperation and co-prosperity; a world without borders, where people of all races, religions, nationalities and cultures live as members of one worldwide family. His entire life has been dedicated to this one goal. In fact, God?s entire providence has been dedicated to this one goal.
The work of the IIFWP is the highest expression of this effort thus far, but there is still much more work to do. The IIPC represents the shift to a higher level still, building on the foundation of the Ambassadors for Peace.
IIFWP?s work in the Middle East is a good example of the kind of work the Peace Councils will carry out. There we are bringing together Israelis and Palestinians, Jews, Christians and Muslims, sharing the core principles and values of the IIFWP, and building bridges of understanding, trust and cooperation, where there had been hatred and distrust. Through conferences, service projects, fact-finding tours, peace marches, films, publications, people-to-people meetings, and, most of all, through the leadership and example of Ambassadors for Peace themselves, this work is having an impact. Minds and hearts are being transformed. Hope is on the rise.
The success of this work is rooted in the core values and the application of those core values in programs. To really understand, we have to dig down to the roots, to the fundamental essence.
In this regard, I want to mention a few key points which are especially relevant to our theme of good governance and human development.
First of all, God did not create the world randomly, but according to several core principles that we see manifested in all things. One of the most basic is the ?pair system.? That is, God created all things to exist in relationship, according to a pair system. The ?pair system,? for example, underlies the fact that all species and all entities are made up of male and female aspects; both of which are absolutely essential.
The ?pair system? principle means that the existence and development of any entity has its foundation in give and take relationships between two entities. Another way to speak of the pair system is to speak of partnership. That is, no being lives in isolation. Also, the fulfillment of the function and the quality of existence of any given being is related to the quality of the partnership that being has with its subject or object partner. This is cosmic law.
As such, when we think about conflict resolution, we should recognize that we are talking about healing, repairing or restoring a broken partnership or relationship between subject and object. The broken partnership can be between a husband and a wife, a boss and the employee, a Muslim and a Hindu, or Israel and Palestine. Peace-building, and even human development, is ultimately about establishing correct, constructive, mutually beneficial relationships.
A second core principle may be called the ?dual purpose? principle. That is, each entity that exists has a dual purpose, one being its own individual purpose for existence, well-being and fulfillment. At the same time, however, each entity or being is related to a larger purpose. The two ?dual purposes? are the ?purpose of the individual? and the ?purpose of the whole.?
We should always understand ourselves as having both purposes. For example, as an individual, we each want to have security, happiness and prosperity. However, no one of us exists in isolation. The fulfillment of an individual is directly linked to our relationships with others. For example, individual happiness is directly related to happiness within marriage and the family. If I live only for the sake of my own well-being, I will not be able to be successful or fulfilled in my family life. That is, if I am selfish, living only for the ?individual purpose? and failing to live for the larger purpose, the family will break down and even the individual will fail in terms of achieving individual happiness. True love cannot be established on a foundation of selfishness.
This ?dual purpose? process continues at the family level. Family members must live not only for the sake of the well-being of the family, but also the family must serve the higher purpose of the society and the nation. Similarly, the nation must focus not only on its own well-being, but also the well-being of the citizens of other nations. The ?dual purpose? principle provides an essential moral guideline for the practice of good governance.
The vision behind the IIPC is one that calls us always to the larger vision, the larger purpose. That is why we continually emphasize the two core practices:
First, is the practice of true love, living for the sake of others. This is the application of the ?dual purpose? principle.
Second, is the practice of unification, always acting so as to restore broken relationships. This is the application of the ?pair system? principle.
As we look to the future, and if we do not see significant changes emerging, the existing United Nations may decline in terms of its authority and effectiveness. Meanwhile, global crises will continue to proliferate. Just as the current United Nations emerged out of the ashes of World War II, we are at a critical turning point when we must look to the establishment of a new standard of global governance. We need to contribute to this process for the sake of lasting peace.
At this time, the IIPC is an NGO initiative. We do not have the power or resources that governments have. But this may change over time.
Think about Rev. Moon?s life and his work. When he began his work 70 years ago he was completely alone. Hardly anyone could understand the scope and depth of his vision and teaching. He faced persecution, misunderstanding, ignorance and selfishness at every turn. And yet, he prospered. Why?
There is a providence that guides the currents of history. There is a living God whose principles are unshakable and absolute. By living in accordance with those principles the world will be changed. In this respect, Rev. Moon clearly understands God?s providence for the direction and purpose of history.
I remember very well, for example, that in the 1960?s he spoke about communism as having only 70 years to prosper, from 1917 to 1987, after which time it would decline rapidly. In 1984 he asked me to convene an international conference in Geneva on the theme, ?The Fall of the Soviet Empire.? Many leaders advised him not to use this title. But he insisted, and the conference, on that theme, was held. A few short years later, communism was turned upside down.
I want to mention one other very important matter. That is, the development of history is driven not only by those of us who are alive here on the earth. There is also the living reality of the spiritual world, and our ancestors and all the great saints, sages, patriots, and righteous people of the past who now dwell in the spiritual world. These persons are increasingly empowered to intervene in human history and support the work of righteous people here on the earth.
As a result, those who act selfishly and who are corrupt will not thrive in this world, but rather they will decline. This is a phenomenon that you will see more and more clearly as time goes on.
Before I conclude, I want to mention two additional points. First of all, I would like each of you to become an advisor to United Press International. As you know, UPI is part of News World Communications and is a global news service. I would like Ambassadors for Peace to become more involved in the work of UPI. We are developing a ?Journalism Intern Network? linked to UPI and supported by IIFWP. In this regard, I also would like you to look for and recommend persons who can be considered and trained as UPI writers, stringers or correspondents. These persons should have high-level professional skills in journalism, but should also share the global vision of the IIFWP.
Secondly, I would like your advice and support in developing a special IIPC ?Committee on Human Rights and Global Responsibilities.? I realize there are many human rights organizations. However, I would like this organization truly to reflect the core values and principles of IIFWP, understanding the human being as a son or daughter of God. Many human rights organizations are biased or one-sided in their perspectives. Often there are double standards when it comes to identifying human rights violations, and human rights can become a tool used selectively to achieve selfish political objectives. Human rights must be grounded in universal, absolute principles, and should never become the tool of special, selfish or narrow interests. At Assembly 2005 we will convene a committee on this important topic.
In conclusion, the development of the IIPC as an innovative model of good governance is a most important initiative with profound significance for human development and world peace, and the Kingdom of God. It is a very serious and important matter. God and the spirit world are behind this initiative. Please be confident and please reflect on, study and put into practice the principles I discussed here today.
Thank you and God bless you.
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