Peace King

1 Peace King
2 Published By
3 Preface
4 Crown of Glory
5 Introduction
  7.1 Dr. Hang Hyung Lee
  7.2 Dr. Tor Ragnar Gerholm
  7.3 Dr. Morton A. Kaplan
  7.4 Ambassador Phillip V. Sanchez
  7.5 Sir John Eccles [1903-97], Nobel Laureate, Physiology
  7.6 Dr. Friedrich von Hayek [1889-1992], Nobel Laureate, Economics
  7.7 Dr. Eugene P. Wigner [1902-95], Nobel Laureate, Physics
  7.8 Dr. Petr Nikolayev
  7.9 Arnaud de Borchgrave
  7.10 President Ronald Reagan [1911-2004]
  7.11 President George H.W. Bush
  7.12 Hon. Jae Ho Jeong
  7.13 Oscar Fernando
  7.14 Dr. Ruta Pels
  7.15 Prof. Hermenegilde Rwantabagu
  7.16 Paula Sotutu
  7.17 Dr. Vigintas-Stepas Domkus
  7.18 Dr. Ion Cuzuioc
  7.19 Prof. Abunabi Sattorzoda
  7.20 Armindo Augusto de Abreu
  7.21 Hon. Fortuna Anthony-Husbands
  7.22 Dr. Roberto Emilio Bailly Andersen Cavalcanti
  7.23 Ambassador D. L. Mendis
  7.24 Dr. Vladimir Petrovsky
  7.25 Dr. Juozas Satas
  7.26 Dr. Victor Andreyevich Tumanov
  7.27 Dr. Eva Latham
  7.28 Dr. Min Ha Kim
  7.29 Dr. Emmanuel Bandouvas
  7.30 Dr. Chil Bok Hwang
  7.31 Dr. Cheryl Lau
  7.32 Hon. Mamoru Nakajima
  7.33 Dr. Tamaz Tavadze
  7.34 Prof. Giovanni Palmerio
  7.35 John Haydon
  7.36 Guus Hiddink
  7.37 Gen. Seon Min Lee
  7.38 Hon. Tsai-Fang Lee
  7.39 Hon. Jarbas Passarinho
  7.40 Dr. Yourie Pankratz
  7.41 Dr. Marko Tarle
  7.42 Ambassador K. V. Rajan
  7.43 Stasys Stungurys
  7.44 Dr. Eliezer Glaubach-Gal
  7.45 Hon. Jaromír Kohlíček
  7.46 Hon. In’am As’ad Qaddourah Al-Mufti
  7.47 Gen. Mansour Mustafa Abu Rashid
  7.48 Dr. Ghazi Tayyeb
  7.49 Dr. Ivan Kaltchev
  7.50 Galina A. Kharitonova
  7.51 Prof. Noel Dossou-Yovo
  7.52 Rev. T.L. Barrett
  7.53 Dr. Cecil Murray
  7.54 Archbishop George Augustus Stallings, Jr.
  7.55 Dr. Edvardas Rudys
  7.56 Hon. Leons Bojars
  7.57 Dr. Artur Artemyev
  7.58 Marat Yegorov
  7.59 Dr. Donatus B. Ngala
  7.60 Dr. A.B.T. Byaruhanga-Akiiki
  7.61 Hon. Engohang Obiang Gaston
  7.62 Rev. Mark Farr
  7.63 Chief Segun Olusola
  7.64 Dr. Yamba Elie Ouédraogo
  7.65 Dr. Evelyn S. Kandakai
  7.66 Hon. Iso Iriarte
  7.67 Dr. Rouchdy Saleh
  7.68 Amb. Johnson Toribiong
9 Photographs
10 List of Contributors

Chief Segun Olusola

Founder, African Refugees Foundation, Nigeria


umanitarianism has been the central concern of Rev. Dr. Sun Myung Moon. The central concern of Ambassadors for Peace in many African countries are the human beings who are left after the bombs have exploded, the warriors have marched off, the rivers polluted and the farmlands wasted. Invariably they are widows and orphans, while among the male adults who still breathe, many are blind, limbless or living with multiple other incapacities.

These conditions, which are prevalent in many African countries, have engaged the attention of the volunteers of the African Refugees Foundation, who are proud to collaborate in the central humanitarian concern outlined by Father Moon and the Ambassadors for Peace.

The spread of internal displacement arising from conflicts in many parts of Africa persuaded me and some of my friends to establish the African Refugees Foundation in 1993. Our efforts at the beginning consisted of what you might call "fire brigade" actions on the trail of battles over disputed territories. But it was not until my encounter with the work of the founder of the Universal Peace Foundation that a link was forged in our quest for a long-term solution to the problem of the management of refugees and the spreading of internal displacement.

In August 2000, Rev. Moon addressed the UN on the issue of a long-term solution to areas of conflict, proposing the establishment of stable UN peace zones. This vision of peace zones resonates with the goals of the African Refugees Foundation. One of the persistent challenges since our founding in 1993 has been the low participation of indigenous civil society organizations in preventing external displacement of refugees or managing internal displacement. Many African countries depend largely on foreign-based initiatives such as the International Committee of the Red Cross. But the mission of anticipating disasters, rehabilitating victims, encouraging peace, and facilitating development must be taken on by the people and nations themselves.

The problem is unlikely to go away any time soon. In our observation of conflicts and social disorders in many parts of Africa, very few such armed conflicts have proved to be of short duration. One of the short ones in our own country was the Biafra conflict that commenced in 1968. However, conflicts leading to regional social disorder have remained a constant feature of the political history of Nigeria. In the face of rising numbers of refugees and internally displaced persons in Nigeria and other African countries, we would do well to concentrate on the root causes of this phenomenon.

I would like to conclude this brief essay by recalling the story of the "Arbiter," a dance drama which we have employed in Addis Ababa, Cape Town and many parts of Nigeria to demonstrate the influence of external agents on the conflicts in many African countries. "The Arbiter" tells the story of two young African combatants who are unable to divide five pieces of banana among themselves satisfactorily. In order to arbitrate between them, a stranger comes in and attempts to divide the five pieces of banana equitably but ends up consuming the five pieces of banana and leaving behind a collection of arms and ammunition with the combatants, who then in a fight to the finish lose both the banana and their lives.

We should take a critical look at family instability and breakdown as well as the serious social, economic and cultural problems that family decline generates. Furthermore, the issue of ethnic, racial and religious conflict in many parts of the world should be re-examined. There is a critical need for political, religious and educational institutions to work together, not only to reverse the decline of the family but also to promote greater understanding and collaboration among diverse communities. This is the core of Rev. Moon’s contribution. He teaches us that the root causes of conflict are not primarily political or economic but rather are embedded in the relationships that human beings encourage and expect from their families, neighbors and communities with whom they relate. This is why peace must begin from within.



Peace King is Published in
the United States of America and Korea by:
Universal Peace Federation
Interreligious and International Federation for World Peace
155 White Plains Road, Suite 222
Tarrytown, NY 10591 USA

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